Paris’s Charles de Gaulle has overtaken Heathrow as Europe’s busiest airport, with the London hub reporting falling passenger numbers and rising losses.
Passenger numbers between July and September were down by more than 84% compared with the same period in 2019, as the airport started to fall behind rivals that are using COVID-19 testing regimes.
Heathrow saw 18.97 million passengers in the year to the end of September, compared to the 19.27 million at Charles de Gaulle.
Both are followed closely by Amsterdam’s Schiphol (17.6 million) and Frankfurt in Germany (16.16 million).
Heathrow’s third-quarter revenue fell by 72% year on year to £239m, while earnings before tax and interest dropped to £37m.
Chief executive John Holland-Kaye has regularly pushed for passenger testing as a way to keep the aviation and travel industry going during the coronavirus pandemic.
He said: “Britain is falling behind because we’ve been too slow to embrace passenger testing. European leaders acted quicker and now their economies are reaping the benefits.
“Paris has overtaken Heathrow as Europe’s largest airport for the first time ever, and Frankfurt and Amsterdam are quickly gaining ground.
“Let’s make Britain a winner again. Bringing in pre-departure COVID tests and partnering with our US allies to open a pilot air bridge to America will kick-start our economic recovery and put the UK back ahead of our European rivals.”
A government taskforce was launched earlier this month to look at ways of reducing the two-week isolation period required of people returning to the UK from some countries.
Trade association Airports Council International Europe said this week that nearly 200 European airports face insolvency in the coming months unless air travel begins to recover.
But Heathrow said that, with £4.5bn of liquidity, its financial position remains “robust” and its cash reserves are “sufficient” for the next 12 months “even under an extreme scenario with no revenue”.